A Recombinant Adenovirus Encoding Multiple HIV-1 Epitopes Induces Stronger CD4+ T cell Responses than a DNA Vaccine in Mice
- *Corresponding Author:
- Edecio Cunha-Neto
Division of Clinical Immunology and Allergy/LIM60
University of Sao Paulo School of Medicine (FM-USP)
Sao Paulo, SP Brazil, Avenida Dr. Arnaldo
455, sala 3209, Cerqueira Cesar
Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil, 01246-903
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: September 01, 2011; Accepted date: November 25, 2011; Published date: December 02, 2011
Citation: Rosa DS, Ribeiro SP, Almeida RR, Mairena EC, Kalil J, et al. (2011) A Recombinant Adenovirus Encoding Multiple HIV-1 Epitopes Induces Stronger CD4+ T cell Responses than a DNA Vaccine in Mice. J Vaccines Vaccin 2:124. doi:10.4172/2157-7560.1000124
Copyright: © 2011 Saridi M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
T-cell based vaccines against SIV/HIV may reduce both transmission and disease progression by inducing broad and functionally relevant T cell responses. Mounting evidence points toward a critical role for CD4+ T cells in the control of immunodeficiency and virus replication. We have previously shown that a DNA vaccine (HIVBr18), encoding 18 HIV CD4 epitopes capable of binding to multiple HLA class II molecules was able to elicit broad, polyfunctional, and long-lived CD4+ and CD8+ T cell responses in BALB/c and multiple HLA class II transgenic mice. By virtue of inducing broad responses against conserved CD4+ T cell epitopes that could be recognized across diverse common HLA class II alleles, this vaccine concept may cope with HIV-1 genetic variability and increase population coverage. Given the low immunogenicity of DNA vaccines in clinical trials, we tested the ability of a recombinant adenovirus serotype 5 encoding the 18 HIV epitopes (Ad5-HIVBr18) to increase specific cellular immune responses. We assessed the breadth and magnitude of HIV-specific proliferative and cytokine responses of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells induced by Ad5-HIVBr18 using different vaccination regimens/routes and compared to DNA immunization. Immunization with Ad5-HIVBr18 induced significantly higher specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cell proliferation, IFN-γ and TNF-α production than HIVBr18. The subcutaneous route of Ad5-HIVBr18 administration was associated with the highest responses. Ad5-HIVBr18 induced higher proliferative and cytokine responses than HIVBr18 up to 28 weeks post-immunization. Our results indicate that a vaccine based on an adenovirus vector encoding the HIVBr18 epitopes shows superior immunogenicity as compared to its DNA counterpart. These results support the possible testing of a vaccine encoding HIVBr18 in non-human primates and future clinical trials.