alexa A Review of Assessment of Sleep Disruption in Adults Following Traumatic Brain Injury | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2376-0281

International Journal of Neurorehabilitation
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Review Article

A Review of Assessment of Sleep Disruption in Adults Following Traumatic Brain Injury

Jonathan Highsmith1, Alexandra J Stephenson2 and D Erik Everhart2*

1South Texas Veterans Health Care System, San Antonio, TX 78228, USA

2East Carolina University, Greenville, NC 27858, USA

*Corresponding Author:
D Erik Everhart
Department of Psychology
East Carolina University Greenville
NC 27858, USA
Tel: 2523284138
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date July 26, 2016; Accepted date August 18, 2016; Published date August 25, 2016

Citation: Highsmith J, Stephenson AJ, Everhart DE (2016) A Review of Assessment of Sleep Disruption in Adults Following Traumatic Brain Injury. Int J Neurorehabilitation 3:223. doi: 10.4172/2376-0281.1000223

Copyright: © 2016 Highsmith J, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

Abstract

Sleep disruptions are prevalent following head injury, but are presently poorly understood. The current paper examines literature that pertains to assessment of sleep function during acute, intermediate and chronic periods following Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). Review of the literature indicates that initial assessment was focused on primarily self-report measures, which may have psychometric limitations. Many of the findings from previous studies are not directly comparable, as there is significant heterogeneity between sample populations. However, more recent focus on objective measures such as overnight Polysomnography (PSG), Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT) and ambulatory measurements such as actigraphy during multiple time periods post-injury has the potential for further identification and classification of patients with significant sleep disruption following TBI and holds promise in assisting with the treatment of identifiable sleep disorders. The development of state of the art assessment techniques should ultimately assist with evolution of the identification and management of sleep disorders that are related to TBI.

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