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ISSN: 2168-9873

Journal of Applied Mechanical Engineering
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Research Article

A Review of Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations on PEFC Performance

Chen Y1*, Enearu OL1, Montalvao D2 and Sutharssan T1

1School of Engineering and Technology, University of Hertfordshire, College Lane, Hatfield, Hertfordshire, AL10 9AB, UK

2Bournemouth University, Department of Design and Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, Poole BH12 5BB, UK.

*Corresponding Author:
Chen Y
School of Engineering and Technology
University of Hertfordshire
College Lane, Hatfield, Hertfordshire
AL10 9AB, UK
Tel: +44 1707 28400
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: October 15, 2016; Accepted date: December 05, 2016; Published date: December 10, 2016

Citation: Chen Y, Enearu OL, Montalvao D, Sutharssan T (2016) A Review of Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations on PEFC Performance. J Appl Mech Eng 5:241. doi: 10.4172/2168-9873.1000241

Copyright: © 2016 Chen Y, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Among the number of fuel cells in existence, the proton exchange fuel cell (PEFC) has been favoured because of its numerous applications. These applications range from small power generation in cell phones, to stationary power plants or vehicular applications. However, the principle of operation on PEFCs naturally leads to the development of water from the reaction between hydrogen and oxygen. Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has played an important role in many research and development projects. From automotive to aerospace and even medicine, to the development of fuel cells, by making it possible to investigate different scenarios and fluid flow patterns for optimal performance. CFD allows for in-situ analysis of PEFCs, by studying fluid flow and heat and mass transfer phenomena, thus reducing the need for expensive prototypes and cutting down test-time by a substantial amount. This paper aims at investigating the advances made in the use of CFD as a technique for the performance and optimisation of PEFCs to identify the research and development opportunities in the field, such as the performance of a novel PEFC, with focus on the underlying physics and in-situ analysis of the operations.

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