A Review of Event-Related Potential (Erp) Components Employed in Mental Arithmetic Processing StudiesE.T. Muluh*
Faculty of Engineering, Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Bellville campus, Simphony way 7535, South Africa
- *Corresponding Author:
- E.T. Muluh
Faculty of Engineering
Cape Peninsula University of Technology
Bellville campus, Simphony way 7535
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: November 06, 2011; Accepted date: November 25, 2011; Published date: December 10, 2011
Citation: Muluh ET (2011) A Review of Event-Related Potential (Erp) Components Employed in Mental Arithmetic Processing Studies. J Neurol Neurophysiol S6.doi:10.4172/2155-9562.S6-001
Copyright: © 2011 Muluh ET. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
This review focuses on studies utilizing early, late and slow-wave components of event-related potentials (ERPs) in investigating two mental arithmetic processing (MAP) phenomenons - problem-size and arithmetic-operation effects. While MAP has been associated primarily with slow-wave components of ERPs, inconsistent findings are found in the literature on the sensitivity of early and some late components. In an attempt to theoretically integrate the results of reviewed studies, it is proposed that the amplitude of early and late ERP components are potential indices for measuring the effect of manipulating the problem-size and/or arithmeticoperation during MAP. This conclusion will help in providing more insight into the strategies employed in MAP by the human brain.