alexa A Review of the Management of Vesico-vaginal Fistula with Co-existing Bladder Calculi in South-East Nigeria
ISSN: 2161-0932

Gynecology & Obstetrics
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Research Article

A Review of the Management of Vesico-vaginal Fistula with Co-existing Bladder Calculi in South-East Nigeria

Ileogben Sunday-Adeoye, Babafemi Daniyan*, Kenneth Ekwedigwe, Danladi Dantani and Sunday Uguru

National Obstetric Fistula Centre, Abakaliki, Nigeria

*Corresponding Author:
Babafemi Daniyan
National Obstetric Fistula Centre
Abakaliki, Nigeria
Tel: +234 803 3803 982
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: Apr 25, 2016; Accepted date: May 16, 2016; Published date: May 23, 2016

Citation: Sunday-Adeoye I, Daniyan B, Ekwedigwe K, Dantani D, Uguru S (2016) A Review of the Management of Vesico-vaginal Fistula with Co-existing Bladder Calculi in South-East Nigeria. Gynecol Obstet (Sunnyvale) 6:381. doi:10.4172/2161-0932.1000381

Copyright: © 2016 Sunday-Adeoye I et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Objective: Vesico-vaginal fistula (VVF) may co-exist with bladder calculi. Traditionally, management entails removal of the calculus and deferment of fistula repair. The study aims to present our findings in the management of women with this combination.

Methodology: This is a retrospective review of twenty-three women with vesico-vaginal fistula and bladder calculi managed from December 2008 to June 2014 at the National Obstetric Fistula Centre, Abakaliki, Nigeria. The case history, physical findings, investigation results, operation notes and follow-up notes of twenty women were available and form the basis of this review.

Results: The prevalence of bladder calculi among vesico-vaginal fistula patients was 1.45%. Most of the bladder calculi were removed via the transvaginal route. In majority of cases (55%), removal of the calculi and repair of the fistula were performed at the same sitting. Ninety-five percent of the patients had successful repair.

Conclusion: The finding suggests that the co-existence of bladder calculi and vesico-vaginal fistula is uncommon. Clinical diagnosis is usually sufficient. Fistula repair could safely be undertaken at the same sitting with removal of the calculus in well-selected cases suggesting a paradigm shift in the management of this combination.


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