A Review on Diagnostic Methods of BrucellosisMinda Asfaw Geresu1* and Gezahegne Mamo Kassa2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Minda Asfaw Geresu
School of Agriculture
Animal and Range Sciences Course Team
Madda Walabu University
E-mail: [email protected]
Rec date: Nov 19, 2015; Acc date: Mar 29, 2016; Pub date: Mar 31, 2016
Citation: Geresu MA, Kassa GM (2016) A Review on Diagnostic Methods of Brucellosis. J Veterinar Sci Techno 7: 323. doi: 10.4172/2157-7579.1000323
Copyright: © 2016 Geresu MA, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
We reviewed different diagnostic methods of brucellosis in different livestock and humans. Bacteriological diagnosis, immunohistochemistry (an alternative technique for direct diagnosis) and different molecular methods for Brucella species genotyping are among the direct methods for diagnosis of brucellosis discussed in this review. The well-established indirect methods for diagnosis of brucellosis, serological and brucellin allergic skin tests were also critically conferred. Finally, for effective control and prevention of brucellosis around the world, the direct diagnostic methods are advised in order to develop vaccine against the circulating Brucella strain in the specific country.