alexa A Review on the Formation of Carcinogenic/Mutagenic Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 2157-7110

Journal of Food Processing & Technology
Open Access

Like us on:

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations
700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

A Review on the Formation of Carcinogenic/Mutagenic Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines

Mevlüde Kizil1*, Fatih Oz2 and H Tanju Besler1

1Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Hacettepe University, 06100 Ankara, Turkey

2Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Atatürk University, 25240 Erzurum, Turkey

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Kizil M
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics
Faculty of Health Sciences
Hacettepe University
06100 Ankara, Turkey
Tel: +90.312.3051094
Fax: +90.312.3091310
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: August 25, 2011; Accepted Date: September 28, 2011; Published Date: September 30, 2011

Citation:Kizil M, Oz F, Besler HT (2011) A Review on the Formation of Carcinogenic/Mutagenic Heterocyclic Aromatic Amines. J Food Process Technol 2:120. doi: 10.4172/2157-7110.1000120

Copyright: © 2011 Kizil M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Mutagenic and/or carcinogenic heterocyclic aromatic amines (HCAs) have been found in meat and fish cooked at temperatures over 150ºC. To date, more than 25 HCAs have been isolated and identified in cooked meat and meat products as potent mutagens in the Ames/Salmonella test. HCAs are potent mutagens at ng/g levels in cooked foods and play an important role in the etiology of human cancer. Major precursors of HCAs are creatine and/or creatinine, amino acids and reducing sugars. IQ-type HCAs are formed by heat induced non enzymatic browning known as Maillard reaction which involves creati(ni)ne, amino acid and sugars whereas amino-carbolines are mainly formed by pyrolysis of amino acids and proteins at higher temperatures above 300ºC. Concentrations and variety of HCAs can be dependent on many factors such as precursor level, meat type, cooking method, cooking duration, pH and water activity, heat and mass transfer, lipid level, lipid oxidation and antioxidants. Due to better understanding, formation of HCAs has been studied both in model systems and cooked foods and this review gives an overview of the studies on the formation of carcinogenic and/or mutagenic HCAs.

Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2018-19
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri & Aquaculture Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9040

Clinical Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Food & Nutrition Journals

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics & Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Materials Science Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Nursing & Health Care Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

Ann Jose

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

 
© 2008- 2018 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
Leave Your Message 24x7