A Study of the Relationship between Diabetes Mellitus and Tooth Loss among Diabetic Patents in Garki General Hospital Garki Abuja, Fct NigeriaNathan U Ikimi1*, Modupeore E Sorunke2, Olubunmi O Onigbinde2, Johnson O Adetoye3, Irene Amrore4 and Olanrewaju O Jacob2
- Corresponding Author:
- Dr. Nathan U Ikimi
Oral and maxillofacial Department State House Medical Centre
Abuja FCT, Nigeria
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: June 06, 2017; Accepted Date: June 13, 2017; Published Date: June 20, 2017
Citation: Ikimi NU, Sorunke ME, Onigbinde OO, Adetoye JO, Amrore I, et al. (2017) A Study of the Relationship between Diabetes Mellitus and Tooth Loss among Diabetic Patents in Garki General Hospital Garki Abuja, Fct Nigeria. Dentistry 7:439. doi: 10.4172/2161-1122.1000439
Copyright: © 2017 Ikimi UN, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Study background: This research is to assess the number of missing teeth and to examine the relationship between age and tooth-loss in diabetic patients.
Methods: The study consisted of 201 diabetic patients and an equal number of non-diabetic patients as control. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed which contained close-ended questions and this was followed by an oral examination of each patient; number of missing teeth were recorded in a data collecting sheet. Data was evaluated using SPSS 20 version.
Results: Respondents were within age-group 30-73years for diabetics and 32-68years for non-diabetics. The mean number of missing teeth in diabetics was 5.22 ± 0.73 while non-diabetics had 3.17 ± 0.53 which was statistically significant when p-value was ≤ 0.005. Diabetic patients, within the age-group of 35-44 had 3.21 mean missing teeth and those within the age-group of 64-75 years had 7.31 mean missing teeth.
Conclusion: The mean number of missing teeth in the diabetic patient and the control increased gradually as patients grew older but tooth loss was more pronounced in the diabetics. The result here agrees with results in other parts of Nigeria and worldwide. Within the limitations of this study, tooth loss is more in diabetic patients than nondiabetics and increases more in diabetics as both groups grow older.