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A Survey on the Quality Assurance Procedures Used in Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) at Indian Hospitals | OMICS International | Abstract
ISSN: 1948-5956

Journal of Cancer Science & Therapy
Open Access

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Research Article

A Survey on the Quality Assurance Procedures Used in Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) at Indian Hospitals

Rajesh Kumar1*, S.D. Sharma1, H. I. Amols2, Y.S. Mayya1 and H. S. Kushwaha3

1Radiological Physics and Advisory Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai-400094, India

2Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, U.S.A

3Health Safety Environment Group, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai-400085, India

*Corresponding Author:
Dr. Rajesh Kumar
Radiological Physics and Advisory Division
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
Mumbai, India
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: August 24, 2010; Accepted Date: September 22, 2010; Published September 22, 2010

Citation: Kumar R, Sharma SD, Amols HI, Mayya YS, Kushwaha HS (2010) A Survey on the Quality Assurance Procedures Used in Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT) at Indian Hospitals. J Cancer Sci Ther 2: 166-170. doi:10.4172/1948-5956.1000045

Copyright: © 2010 Kumar R, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


A national survey to obtain information about the Quality Assurance (QA) procedures and methods being followed at Indian radiotherapy centers for intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) was conducted. A questionnaire containing parameters relevant to IMRT QA was evolved to collect the information pertaining to the QA of IMRT delivery system, QA of IMRT treatment planning system, and patient specific IMRT QA. The questionnaire was circulated to 40 hospitals in the country and responses of 31 centers were received. Survey results showed that 71% centers are having adequate machine specifi c IMRT QA programme, 19% centers have inadequate machine specific IMRT QA programme and 9% centers have irrelevant machine specific IMRT QA programme. No specific answer for question of QA tests of TPS specific to IMRT were received from the user. Almost all the centers have programme of setup verification of the patient by means of EPID/DRR/OBI. However, 91% of centers could not provide any information about the QA methodology of the devices used for setup verification. For patient specific dosimetric QA, almost all the hospitals have the program of pre-treatment dose verification using calibrated ionization chambers of sensitive volumes in the range of 0.01 to 0.65 cc. Dosimetric verification is performed by combining dose from all gantry angles to a single gantry angle. Two dimensional (2D) dosimetry systems such as radiographic and radiochromic films, 2D array of ionization chambers/ semiconductor diodes and EPID are also used in patient specific dosimetry verifications. Majority of the centers (about 48%) accept the plan with 3% dose difference and 3 mm dose to distance agreement criteria with gamma index less than unity. However, a number of other acceptance criteria specific to institution and tumor site are being also followed. This survey reveals that a variety of IMRT QA program is being followed at the Indian hospitals. This study has brought into focus the need to evolve a national protocol for IMRT QA so that treatment outcomes of all the IMRT centers of country can be compare



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