A Systematic Overview of Osteogenesis Imperfecta
Samir Abdulkarim Alharbi*
Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Al Quwayiyah, Shaqra University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dr. Samir Abdulkarim Alharbi
Assistant Professor of Molecular biology and Biotechnology
Department of Medical Laboratory Science, College of Applied Medical Sciences
Al- Quwayiyah, Shaqra University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Tel: 00966 566262444
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: December 14, 2015; Accepted date: December 24, 2015; Published date: January 08, 2016
Citation: Alharbi SA (2016) A Systematic Overview of Osteogenesis Imperfecta. Mol Biol 5:150. doi: 10.4172/2168-9547.1000150
Copyright: © 2016 Alharbi SA. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heterogeneous rare connective tissue disorder commonly caused by mutations in the collagen type 1 gene. It is a worldwide extensive disorder regardless of age, gender or ethnic group for a children and adults. Typical clinical features are brittle bone, high frequency of fractures and bone deformities. The other observed signs are blue sclera, dentinogenesis imperfect and otosclerosis. In this review, author make a systematic overview, including the mechanisms, classification, diagnostic methods, related to human concerned disease and treatment. The review also focuses on the OI related so many health concern diseases. In OI patients maintaining of health is very important otherwise, the bone deformities and collagen defects common to OI it can affect various internal organs, leading to major or minor secondary problems. Individuals and optimization of OI treatment in children and adults remain a challenge, because available treatments do not target then underlying collagen defect. Treatment includes physiotherapy, surgical procedures and pharmacology therapy. In this brief review, author mainly discusses current knowledge of pharmacology therapies and possible future therapies for treatment of OI.