alexa A Systematic Review of Recreation Therapy for Depressio
ISSN: 2161-0487

Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy
Open Access

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Research Article

A Systematic Review of Recreation Therapy for Depression in Older Adults

Michael HS Lam1-4*, Bik CHOW5, Siu Yin Cheung5, Ka Yiu Lee1-4, William Ho Cheung Li4, Eva Ho4, Stuart W Flint6, L Yang7 and Nathan Kin Fai Yung8

1Academy of Sport and Physical Activity, Sheffield Hallam University, UK

2Hong Kong Sport Education and Leisure Tourism Foundation, HK

3International Industry and Professional Accreditation Association, HK

4Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, the University of Hong Kong, HK

5Department of Physical Education, Hong Kong Baptist University, HK

6Leeds Beckett University, UK

7Institute of Physical Education, University of Jinan, Shandong, China

8Asian Sport Psychology Professional Alliance, HK

Corresponding Author:
Michael Huen Sum LAM
3/F Admin Block
30 Shing Tai Road Chai Wan
Hong Kong
Tel: 2595 2612
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 20, 2017; Accepted date: April 24, 2017; Published date: April 30, 2017

Citation: Lam MHS, Bik CHOW, Cheung SY, Lee KY, Li WHC, et al. (2017) A Systematic Review of Recreation Therapy for Depression in Older Adults. J Psychol Psychother 7:298. doi:10.4172/2161-0487.1000298

Copyright: © 2017 Lam MHS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Background: Recreation therapy (RT) provides a flexible and powerful treatment for depression associated with aging. This article reviewed the effectiveness of RT to treat depression in older adults. Method: Five electronic databases were employed to identify interventional studies on RT in depressed older adults: Pubmed, PsycINFO, ProQuest, Academic Search Premier and ERIC. Articles were screened against inclusion criteria and assessed with respect to methodological quality. Results: A systematic literature review included 18 articles. Fourteen studies reported improvement in depression but 6 studies lack adequate significance in the positive effect of RT. Methodological quality assessment of 13 randomizedcontrolled trials and 5 non-controlled studies indicated an overall mean of 5.67 ± 1.94 points out of 9. Conclusion: There were positive findings that RT is effective in improving geriatric depression. Future investigation is encouraged to explore the mechanism between physical activity RT and depression improvement.


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