A Systematic Review of Recreation Therapy for Depression in Older AdultsMichael HS Lam1-4*, Bik CHOW5, Siu Yin Cheung5, Ka Yiu Lee1-4, William Ho Cheung Li4, Eva Ho4, Stuart W Flint6, L Yang7 and Nathan Kin Fai Yung8
- Corresponding Author:
- Michael Huen Sum LAM
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Received date: April 20, 2017; Accepted date: April 24, 2017; Published date: April 30, 2017
Citation: Lam MHS, Bik CHOW, Cheung SY, Lee KY, Li WHC, et al. (2017) A Systematic Review of Recreation Therapy for Depression in Older Adults. J Psychol Psychother 7:298. doi:10.4172/2161-0487.1000298
Copyright: © 2017 Lam MHS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Recreation therapy (RT) provides a flexible and powerful treatment for depression associated with aging. This article reviewed the effectiveness of RT to treat depression in older adults. Method: Five electronic databases were employed to identify interventional studies on RT in depressed older adults: Pubmed, PsycINFO, ProQuest, Academic Search Premier and ERIC. Articles were screened against inclusion criteria and assessed with respect to methodological quality. Results: A systematic literature review included 18 articles. Fourteen studies reported improvement in depression but 6 studies lack adequate significance in the positive effect of RT. Methodological quality assessment of 13 randomizedcontrolled trials and 5 non-controlled studies indicated an overall mean of 5.67 ± 1.94 points out of 9. Conclusion: There were positive findings that RT is effective in improving geriatric depression. Future investigation is encouraged to explore the mechanism between physical activity RT and depression improvement.