alexa A Systematic Review on the Association between Adult At
ISSN: 2161-0487

Journal of Psychology & Psychotherapy
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Review Article

A Systematic Review on the Association between Adult Attachment and Interpersonal Problems

Markus C Hayden1*, Pia K Müllauer1 and Sylke Andreas1,2

1Alpen-Adria Universität Klagenfurt, Universitätsstr. 65-67, 9020 Klagenfurt, Austria

2Universität Witten/Herdecke, Alfred-Herrhausen-Straße 50, 58448 Witten, Germany

Corresponding Author:
Markus C Hayden
Department of Psychology
Alpen-Adria Universität Klagenfurt
Universitätsstr. 65-67, A-9020 Klagenfurt, Austria
Tel: +43 463 2700 2120
Fax: +43 463 2700 992120
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: March 03, 2017; Accepted date: April 24, 2017; Published date: April 30, 2017

Citation: Hayden MC, Müllauer PK, Andreas S (2017) A Systematic Review on the Association between Adult Attachment and Interpersonal Problems. J Psychol Psychother 7:296. doi:10.4172/2161-0487.1000296

Copyright: © 2017 Hayden MC, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



Objective: The aim of our study was to identify characteristic associations between adult attachment and interpersonal problems, to enhance the understanding of human behavior in close interpersonal relationships. Method: We conducted a systematic review of the scientific literature of the past 15 years. We focused on studies that link the two concepts via correlation. 17 articles fulfilled inclusion criteria and were systematically analyzed. Results: Strong associations were detected between interpersonal distress and both attachment anxiety and avoidance. Furthermore, studies revealed a trend towards associations between friendly-submissive behavior and attachment anxiety, as well as between hostile-dominant interpersonal problems and attachment avoidance. Conclusion: Our findings clearly suggest associations between adult attachment and interpersonal problems and enhance the knowledge about human behavior in interpersonal contact.


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