A Systematic Review on the Intersection of Homelessness and Healthcare in Canada
|Vivian Darkwah1, Hiroko Yamane2, Solina Richter3*, Vera Caine3, Geoffrey Maina1, Thane Chambers4 and Leanne Johnson1|
|1PhD Student, University of Alberta, Faculty of Nursing, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada|
|2Master of Nursing, University of Alberta, Faculty of Nursing, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada|
|3Associate Professor, University of Alberta, Faculty of Nursing, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada|
|4Research Librarian, University of Alberta, Faculty of Nursing, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada|
|Corresponding Author :||Solina Richter
Faculty of Nursing, University of Alberta
Edmonton Alberta, Canada
Tel: 780 492 7953
Fax: 780 492 2551
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received May 25, 2012; Accepted June 25, 2012; Published June 27, 2012|
|Citation: Darkwah V, Yamane H, Richter S, Caine V, Maina G, et al. (2012) A Systematic Review on the Intersection of Homelessness and Healthcare in Canada. J Nurs Care 1:115. doi:10.4172/2167-1168.1000115|
|Copyright: © 2012 Darkwah V, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Background: Nurses must understand the needs and barriers of people who are homeless when they are in a health care environment in order to render effective care.
Objective: The objective of this review is to synthesize research findings on studies that examine the needs and barriers of people who are homeless in Canada when they intersect with health care providers.
Methods: A scope of manuscripts, published in English from 1980 to 2011 that assess the needs and barriers of people experiencing homelessness in Canada when in the health sector without limitation on study design from different electronic databases and manual searches, was conducted.
Results: Six articles (N=4 qualitative, N=2 quantitative) met the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Eight themes emerged from a narrative synthesis of the findings.
Conclusion: Individuals who are homeless have multiple needs when in the health care sector. Thus, collaboration among different disciplines is essential in order to provide them with holistic care.