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ISSN: 2327-5162

Alternative & Integrative Medicine
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Review Article

A Temperamental Approach in Promotion of Health

Malik Itrat1* and Mohd Zulkifle2

1Department of Tahaffuzi wa samaji Tib, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore, India

2Department of Kulliyat, National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore, India

*Corresponding Author:
Malik Itrat
Department of Tahaffuzi wa samaji Tib
National Institute of Unani Medicine, Bangalore
Karnataka 560091, India
Tel: 917411602926
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date February 07, 2014; Accepted date July 25, 2014; Published date July 27, 2014

Citation: Itrat M and Zulkifle M (2014) A Temperamental Approach in Promotion of Health. Altern Integr Med 3:166. doi:10.4172/2327-5162.1000165

Copyright: © 2014 Itrat and Zulkifle. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


The Unani system of medicine is a comprehensive medical system, which meticulously deals with the states of health and disease. Its holistic approach considers individual in relation to his environment and stresses on health of body, mind and soul. Temperament of a person is given great importance for identifying the most suitable diet and lifestyle for promoting the health of a particular individual. On the basis of Mizaj human beings have been categorized into four qualitative types: Damvi (sanguinous), Safravi (bilious), Balghami (phlegmatic), Saudavi (melancholic).  They were supposed to result from predominant humor in the body. Any change in the temperament of person brings about change in person’s state of health. There are some factors like age, place, season, diet and occupation, which are responsible for influencing the temperament of an individual and predispose them to a particular group of diseases similar to the temperament of that individual. Thus, the person of specific temperament becomes prone to a particular group of diseases in different phases of their life and under different climatic conditions. In Unani medicine, different guidelines for different temperaments have been mentioned for promotion and preservation of health. Thus, in this paper authors have highlighted the importance of temperamental approach for the promotion of health and prevention of diseases.


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