alexa Abdominal Compartment Syndrome in a Patient with Hemoph
ISSN: 2167-1222

Journal of Trauma & Treatment
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Research Article

Abdominal Compartment Syndrome in a Patient with Hemophilia A with a High Titer Inhibitor after a Minor Trauma

Rungrote Natesirinilkul1*, Pimlak Charoenkwan1, Sanit Ruangrongrat1, Kaweesak Chittawatanarat2, Ampaiwan Chuansumrit5, Rungnapa Jutavijittum4, Nipapan Leetrakool4 and Ornkamon Wongtagun3
1Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
2Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
3Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
4Department of Blood Bank, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
5Department of Pediatrics Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
*Corresponding Author : Rungrote Natesirinilkul
Department of Pediatrics
Chiang Mai University
Chiang Mai, Thailand
Tel: +66 53 945412
Fax: +66 53 946461
E-mail: [email protected]
Received: March 01, 2016; Accepted: April 11, 2016; Published: April 13, 2016
Citation: Natesirinilkul R, Charoenkwan P, Ruangrongrat S, Chittawatanarat K, Chuansumrit A, et al. (2016) Abdominal Compartment Syndrome in a Patient with Hemophilia A with a High Titer Inhibitor after a Minor Trauma. J Trauma Treat 5:300. doi:10.4172/2167-1222.1000300
Copyright: © 2016 Natesirinilkul R, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Abdominal compartment syndrome (ACS) is a life-threatening condition which can occur in patients with hemophilia although they have trivial traumas. Hemostatic control for bleeding episodes in hemophilia patients with inhibitors is difficult particularly when the availability of bypassing agents, recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) and activated prothrombin complex concentrate (APCC), is constrained. Plasma exchange with continuous infusion of factor concentrate has been reported as a life-saving intervention in these patients. We reported a teenager with severe hemophilia A and a high-titer inhibitor who underwent two surgeries for ACS which developed after a minor trauma. Computerized tomography angiogram (CTA) of abdomen revealed a large pelvic hematoma and a bleeding from the sigmoidal artery. He underwent an abdominal angiography followed by the first surgery to relieve the ACS, and the second surgery for abdominal closure. The patients received plasma exchange with cryo-removed plasma peri-operatively. High-dose factor VIII (FVIII) concentrate (100 U/kg) was started after plasma exchange followed by continuous infusion at the rate 14 units/kg/hour for 7 days. rFVIIa and APCC concomitant with tranexamic acid were used for breakthrough bleeding. He received six times of plasma exchange, three doses of rFVIIa and five doses of APCC. Bleeding was successfully stopped and the titers of inhibitor decreased from the maximum of 4,400 BU to 3,680 BU. Plasma exchange and continuous FVIII infusion can be considered as an option for life-threatening hemorrhage in hemophilia patients with high-titer inhibitors in the countries where an access to bypassing agents is limited.

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