Access to Liver Transplantation and Patient Survival among Asian Populations: Pre-Share 35 vs. Post-Share 35Yefei Zhang*
Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, TX, USA
- *Corresponding Author:
- Yefei Zhang
Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
1200 Pressler Street, RAS-E803f, Houston
TX 77030, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: January 22, 2017; Accepted date: February 08, 2017; Published date: February 15, 2017
Citation: Zhang Y (2017) Access to Liver Transplantation and Patient Survival among Asian Populations: Pre-Share 35 vs. Post-Share 35. Health Care Current Reviews 5:187. doi: 10.4172/2375-4273.1000187
Copyright: © 2017 Zhang Y. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Abstract Background: Studies addressing ethnic disparities and trends in liver transplantation for Asian population is scant. The objective of this study was to examine the impact of Share 35 policy on Asian patients’ access to liver transplantation and outcomes since its implementation in June, 2013. Methods: A total of 11,910 adult white and Asian patients who were registered for deceased donor liver transplantation between 2012 and 2015 were identified from UNOS database. Logistic regression and proportional hazards models with adjustment for demographic, clinical, and geographic factors were used to model the access to liver transplantation and patient survival. Stratification on pre- and post-Share 35 periods was performed to compare the first 18 months of Share 35 policy to an equivalent time period. Results: Comparison of the pre- and post-Share 35 periods showed significantly decreased time on waiting list and higher proportions of patients receiving liver transplantation for Asian patients. Asians shared similar transplant rates as whites (OR: 1.15, 95% CI: 0.80-1.67) but experienced significantly longer waiting time (HR: 0.56, 95% CI: 0.34-0.92) before they received liver transplantation after Share 35 policy took effect. No significantly post-transplantation survival difference has been observed between Asians and whites at the one and half year outcome. Conclusion: Asian patients are still at greater risk of disparities in access to liver transplantation under the Share 35 policy. Future researches with long-term follow-up time are recommended to continuously evaluate the effectiveness of the new policy.