Access to Voluntary Counseling and Testing Services for Female Sex Workers and Men Who Have Sex with Men in Yemen
|Mayada Faisal Nabih Mohammed*|
|National AIDS Control Program, Disease Control and Surveillance, Sana'a, Yemen|
|Corresponding Author :||Mayada Faisal Nabih Mohammed
National AIDS Control Program
Disease Control and Surveillance, Sana'a, Yemen
Email: [email protected]
|Received: December 27, 2015 Accepted: January 27, 2016 Published: January 30, 2016|
|Citation: Mohammed MF (2016) Access to Voluntary Counseling and Testing Services for Female Sex Workers and Men Who Have Sex with Men in Yemen. J Infect Dis Ther 4:264. doi:10.4172/2332-0877.1000264|
|Copyright: © 2016 Mohammed MF. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
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Background: Yemen is a country with a low-level HIV epidemic. Available information shows that female sexworkers (FSW) and men who have sex with men (MSM) have higher HIV prevalence and underuse voluntary counselling and testing services (VCT).
Objective: This study explores factors that may affect access to VCT services for FSW and MSM in Yemen in order to find feasible approaches to increase access.
Methodology: This thesis is a review of the literature on access to VCT for FSW and MSM in Yemen and in countries with similar cultural issues and epidemic patterns.
Results: The main model used for VCT in Yemen involves a "client-initiated" approach. This approach is not ideal for promoting access to VCT. The factors that influence access to VCT for FSW and MSM in Yemen include laws that criminalize sex work and homosexuality, stigma, limited services and transport costs. Also age, gender, marital status, literacy, low perceived risk and low awareness play a role in reducing FSW and MSM from accessing VCT.
Conclusion and recommendations: To date, levels of VCT by FSW and MSM in Yemen have been low.
Different approaches should be used to increase access (such as provider-initiated, mobile and web-based interventions). Further research should be undertaken to identify factors that hinder access to VCT for FSW and MSM.