Activity of Pomegranate Peels and Clove Powders in Detoxification of Aflatoxin B1 and Ochratoxin A from Contaminated Poultry Diet
Halima Z. Hussein*
Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture, University of Baghdad, Iraq
- *Corresponding Author:
- Halima Z. Hussein
Department of Plant Protection
College of Agriculture
University of Baghdad, Iraq
Tel: +964 07711343263
E-mail: [email protected] yahoo.com
Received date: November 29, 2014; Accepted date: January 20, 2015; Published date: January 28, 2015
Citation: Hussein HZ (2015) Activity of Pomegranate Peels and Clove Powders in Detoxification of Aflatoxin B1 and Ochratoxin A from Contaminated Poultry Diet. J Plant Pathol Microb 6:249. doi: 10.4172/2157-7471.1000249
Copyright: © 2015 Hussein HZ. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
The study was conducted to evaluate the effect of contaminated poultry diet with AfB1, OTA on chicks feds on this diet and the efficiency of addition pomegranate peels and clove powders in detoxifying the mycotoxins. Results showed that two mycotoxins caused significant reduction in chick's weight with high mortality percentage compared with control (non-contaminated diet). The chick weights were found to be 518.85, 532.90, 418.97 g/chick associated with mortality of 20, 25, 35% for chick fed on diet contaminated with AfB1 , OTA, and a combination of each respectively compared with 801.63 g/chick in control. The two mycotoxins caused significant reduction in packed cell volume, hemoglobin concentration, red blood cell and protein concentration, 27.62%, 8.24 g/100 ml, 2.07 × 106/ml, 3.25 g/100 ml, 27.25%, 8.77 g/100 ml, 2.19 × 106/ml, 3.74 g/100 ml, 24.07%, 7.22 g/100 ml, 1.88 × 106/ ml, 3.10 g/100 ml in chicks blood feds on diet contaminated with OTA, AfB1, and combination of each respectively compared with 38.55%, 11.56 g/100 ml, 2.98 × 106/ml, 4.50 g/100 ml in control respectively. The amendment of the contaminated diet with 5% pomegranate peels powder and 2% clove powder induced significant increases in chicks weight that attained to 740.30, 730.25, 680.50 g/chick, 730.25, 725.00, 675.25 g/chick of chicks feds on diet contaminated with AfB1, OTA, and combination of each respectively compared with 535.90, 518.85, 418.79 g/ chick in control respectively associated with high reduction in mortality, 5% compared with 20, 25, 35% in control respectively.