alexa Acute Effect of Visually Induced Kinesthetic Illusion i
ISSN: 2376-0281

International Journal of Neurorehabilitation
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Research Article

Acute Effect of Visually Induced Kinesthetic Illusion in Patients with Stroke: A Preliminary Report

Fuminari Kaneko1,2*, Toru Inada3, Naoki Matsuda3, Eriko Shibata1,2 and Satoshi Koyama3

1Laboratory of Sensory Motor Science and Sports Neuroscience, First Division of Physical Therapy, Sapporo Medical University, West 17- South 1, Chuo-ku, Sapporo City, Japan

2Development Research Group for Advanced Neuroscience-based Rehabilitation, Sapporo Medical University, West 17- South 1, Chuo-ku, Sapporo City, Japan

3Asahikawa Rehabilitation Hospital, Midorigaokahigasi 1-1-1, Asahikawa City, Japan

*Corresponding Author:
Fuminari Kaneko
First Division of Physical Therapy
Sapporo Medical University
West 17- South 1
Chuo-ku, Sapporo City, Japan
Tel: 81116112111 ext. 2870
Fax: 81116112143
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: June 08, 2016; Accepted date: June 17, 2016; Published date: June 24, 2016

Citation: Kaneko F, Inada T, Matsuda N, Shibata E, Koyama S (2016) Acute Effect of Visually Induced Kinesthetic Illusion in Patients with Stroke: A Preliminary Report. Int J Neurorehabilitation 3:212. doi:10.4172/2376-0281.1000212

Copyright: © 2016 Kaneko F, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.



A kinesthetic illusion induces a feeling as if an individual’s own body is moving during sensory input, even though the body is actually in a resting state. In a previous study, we reported that a visually induced kinesthetic illusion (KiNVIS) increases corticospinal tract excitability that is associated with activity of the motor-association regions. The present study explored the acute effect of KiNVIS on motor function in five patients who had experienced stroke, as a preliminary study. Five Japanese patients with stroke, who had been otherwise healthy, participated in the present trial. During KiNVIS, a display was set over the forearm so that the position of the display would give the illusion that the patient’s forearm was actually the same as that depicted in a movie. The movie showed a hand grasping and opening on the uninvolved side, and was repeatedly played for 15 min. Motor function was evaluated with the upper extremity section of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment (FMA-UE) as a primary outcome. Furthermore, we measured a performance of an appropriate motor task for each patient to detect change in motor function as a secondary outcome. In each patient, a positive effect on motor function was detected immediately after KiNVIS, and the appearance of reciprocal muscular control was observed in surface electromyography. There was no difference in the FMA-UE score between before and after the intervention; however, the score was slightly increased in two patients. Furthermore, upon comparison of the individual measurement results, each examination indicated positive changes in motor function. KiNVIS may have an acute positive effect in patients with stroke. The study provides, for the first time, evidence for the therapeutic potential of KiNVIS in stroke rehabilitation.


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