alexa Acute Kidney Injury in HIV Infection
ISSN: 2329-891X

Journal of Tropical Diseases & Public Health
Open Access

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Review Article

Acute Kidney Injury in HIV Infection

Xuezhu Li1 and Shougang Zhuang1,2*

1Department of Nephrology, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai, China

2Department of Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital and Alpert Medical School of Brown University, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Shougang Zhuang, MD, PhD
Alpert Medical School of Brown University
Rhode Island Hospital -Middle House 301
593 Eddy Street, Providence, USA
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: January 28, 20123; Accepted Date: February 23, 2013; Published Date: February 25, 2012

Citation: Li X, Zhuang S (2013) Acute Kidney Injury in HIV Infection. J Trop Dis 1:101. doi:10.4172/2329-891X.1000101

Copyright: © 2013 Li X, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is increasingly recognized in clinical practice, and common in HIV-infection patients, affecting 18% of hospitalized patients. Preexisting hypertension, advanced HIV-infection, tenofovir toxicity, HCV coinfection, sepsis are risk factors of AKI. AKI can lead to prolonged hospitalization and is associated with increased mortality in HIV-infected patients. This review provides the most recent updates in the definition, diagnosis, pathophysiology, risk factors and treatment options for patients with HIV-associated AKI.

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