Acute Kidney Injury in HIV InfectionXuezhu Li1 and Shougang Zhuang1,2*
- *Corresponding Author:
- Shougang Zhuang, MD, PhD
Alpert Medical School of Brown University
Rhode Island Hospital -Middle House 301
593 Eddy Street, Providence, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: January 28, 20123; Accepted Date: February 23, 2013; Published Date: February 25, 2012
Citation: Li X, Zhuang S (2013) Acute Kidney Injury in HIV Infection. J Trop Dis 1:101. doi:10.4172/2329-891X.1000101
Copyright: © 2013 Li X, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is increasingly recognized in clinical practice, and common in HIV-infection patients, affecting 18% of hospitalized patients. Preexisting hypertension, advanced HIV-infection, tenofovir toxicity, HCV coinfection, sepsis are risk factors of AKI. AKI can lead to prolonged hospitalization and is associated with increased mortality in HIV-infected patients. This review provides the most recent updates in the definition, diagnosis, pathophysiology, risk factors and treatment options for patients with HIV-associated AKI.