Acute Resistance Exercise Program Variables and Subsequent Hormonal Response
- *Corresponding Author:
- Julien S Baker
Professor, Director, Institute of Clinical Exercise and Health Science
Chair & Head of Sport and Exercise Science Subject Development Group
Exercise Science Research Laboratory, School of Science
Faculty of Science and Technology, University of the West of Scotland
Hamilton, Lanarkshire, ML3 OJB, Scotland
Tel: 01698 283100
Fax: 01698 894404
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: August 12, 2013; Accepted Date: August 23, 2013; Published Date: August 30, 2013
Citation: Hayes LD, Bickerstaff GF, Baker JS (2013) Acute Resistance Exercise Program Variables and Subsequent Hormonal Response. J Sports Med Doping Stud 3:125. doi:10.4172/2161-0673.1000125
Copyright: © 2013 Hayes LD, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Resistance Exercise (RE) is a widely practiced activity both in leisure time and in training periods for competitive athletes. Recent advanced in molecular biology and muscle physiology has elucidated some of the mechanisms that regulate muscle growth. However, these molecular advances require application in acute program variables of RE. Therefore, we present an updated paradigm of resistance exercise variables and the effect manipulating these has on signalling pathways and hormonal response to optimise RE adaptations. We herein explore the effect of altering (i) choice of exercise; (ii) order of exercises performed; (iii) load (weight/resistance); (iv) volume (i.e. repetitions x sets x load) and (v) rest period between sets. Manipulating these variables has a consequential effect on signalling pathways, hormone response and neural adaptations that may influence protein synthesis and therefore gradual protein accretion leading to increased muscle size and strength.