Adsorption Mechanisms and Transport Behavior between Selenate and Selenite on Different Sorbents
- Corresponding Author:
- Wooyong Um
Energy and Environment Directorate
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Richland, WA 99354, USA
Fax: 509- 371-7249
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: March 12, 2014; Accepted Date: April 22, 2014; Published Date: April 30, 2014
Citation: Michelle MV Snyder and Wooyong Um (2014) Adsorption Mechanisms and Transport Behavior between Selenate and Selenite on Different Sorbents. Int J Waste Resources 4:144. doi: 10.4172/2252-5211.1000144
Copyright: © 2014 Michelle MV Snyder, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Adsorption of different oxidation species of selenium (Se), selenate (SeO4 2-) and selenite (SeO32-), with varying pHs (2-10) and ionic strengths (I=0.01 M, 0.1 M and 1.0 M NaNO3) was measured on quartz, aluminum oxide, and synthetic iron oxide (ferrihydrite) using batch reactors to obtain a more detailed understanding of the adsorption mechanisms (e.g., inner- and outer-sphere complex). In addition to the batch experiments with single minerals contained in native Hanford Site sediment, additional batch adsorption studies were conducted with native Hanford Site sediment and groundwater as a function of 1) total Se concentration (from 0.01 to 10 mg L-1) and 2) soil to solution ratios (1:20 and 1:2 grams per mL). Results from these batch studies were compared to a set of saturated column experiments that were conducted with natural Hanford sediment and groundwater spiked with either selenite or selenate to observe the transport behavior of these species. Both batch and column results indicated that selenite adsorption was consistently higher than that of selenate in all experimental conditions used. These different adsorption mechanisms between selenite and selenate result in the varying mobility of Se in the subsurface environment and explain the dependence on the oxidation species.