alexa Advanced Case of Rhabdomyosarcoma of Orbit Mimicking Or
ISSN: 2155-9570

Journal of Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
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Case Report

Advanced Case of Rhabdomyosarcoma of Orbit Mimicking Orbital Cellulitis

Somen Misra, Kunal Patil, Neeta Misra and Kunal Patil*
Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Maharashtra, India
Corresponding Author : Kunal Patil
Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Maharashtra, India
Tel: 9890787999
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: January 21, 2016; Accepted date: March 26, 2016; Published date: March 29, 2016
Citation: Misra S, Patil K, Misra N, Patil K (2016) Advanced Case of Rhabdomyosarcoma of Orbit Mimicking Orbital Cellulitis. J Clin Exp Ophthalmol 7:533. doi:10.4172/2155-9570.1000533
Copyright: © 2016 Misra S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Rhabdomyosarcoma is a malignant neoplasm of primitive mesenchyme exhibiting skeletal muscle differentiation. Rhabdomyosarcoma, which can histopathologically be of embryonal, alveolar, botryoid and pleomorphic types; is a rare tumor in children, with an annual incidence of 4.3 cases per million. Pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcomas is a rare variant, occurring more commonly in adults. We report a rare case of ocular pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma in an 18-month-old child with atypical presentation mimicking orbital cellulitis. A provisional diagnosis of orbital cellulitis was made based on clinical and radiological examination and was planned for surgery. Histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma. This case shows that pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma may also occur in children, it may mimic symptoms of orbital cellulitis, and any fast growing swelling should be carefully examined with a high degree of suspicion of this entity.

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