Advances in Nutrition of Patients with Inflammatory Bowel DiseasesDworzanski T1, Celinski K1,*, Dworzanska E2 and Lach T3
- *Corresponding Author:
- Celinski K
Chair and Department of Gastroenterology
Medical University of Lublin, Poland
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: November 15, 2015 Accepted date: December 14, 2015 Published date: December 22, 2015
Citation: Dworzanski T, Celinski K, Dworzanska E, Lach T (2015) Advances in Nutrition of Patients with Inflammatory Bowel Diseases. J Nutr Food Sci 6:451. doi: 10.4172/2155-9600.1000451
Copyright: © 2015 Dworzanski T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) are multifactorial disorders whose aetiology and pathogenesis have not been fully elucidated. Their occurrence is affected by genetic and environmental factors. Amongst the environmental factors, proper diet seems to be crucial, both in the healthy population and in patients during disease exacerbations and remissions. Depending on their severity, duration and extent of inflammatory lesions, IBD exacerbations result in some dietary deficits. Appropriate supplementation can effectively correct the deficits; in some cases, mainly in CD, nutritional therapy can be equally effective for inducing remissions as pharmacotherapy. Enteral feeding is recommended in each case without important contraindications for its use. Counteracting the caloric, protein and microelement deficiencies is pivotal for inhibition of disease pathogenesis and for enhancement of the antiinflammatory response of the organism. The present paper is to present simply review and analyse of recent reports regarding nutrition in patients with CD and UC as well as to discuss recommended nutritional management in certain IBD course-associated conditions. Nutritional therapy is a key element of management of IBD patients.