alexa Advances in Proteomics and Bioinformatics in Agricultur
ISSN: 0974-276X

Journal of Proteomics & Bioinformatics
Open Access

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Review Article

Advances in Proteomics and Bioinformatics in Agriculture Research and Crop Improvement

Keyura Katam1#*, Khoranhlai Anjuli Jones1# and Katsumi Sakata2*

1Department of Biological Sciences, Florida A&M University, Tallahassee FL 32307 USA

2Maebashi Institute of Technology, Maebashi, Japan

#Equal Contribution

*Corresponding Author:
Keyura Katam
Department of Biological Sciences
Florida A&M University, Tallahassee FL 32307 USA
Tel: 850-599-3908
E-mail: [email protected]
 
Katsumi Sakata
Maebashi Institute of Technology
Maebashi, Japan
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: September 01, 2014; Accepted date: February 23, 2015; Published date: February 28, 2015

Citation: Katam K, Jones KA, Sakata K (2015) Advances in Proteomics and Bioinformatics in Agriculture Research and Crop Improvement. J Proteomics Bioinform 8:039-048. doi: 10.4172/jpb.1000351

Copyright: © 2015 Katam K, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

Proteomics is the study of proteins on a genome-wide scale. Within the wide field of functional OMICS, proteomics has become a useful tool. The completion of genome sequencing projects and the improvement of methods for protein characterization surges this action forward. Presently, the usage of proteomics is being extended to analyze the different features of proteins including the activities and structures, and protein-protein interactions. Proteomics research is quite advanced in animals, yeast and bacteria, but it is still in the beginning stages of plant research, due to its highly complex and dynamic status. In view of the advances in crop biotechnology, it is critical to understand the role of proteins during plant development and response to biotic and abiotic stimuli. In this review, we presented several plant proteomic studies to illustrate the applications of proteomic studies in crop productivity. The advances in proteomics in recent years include protein isolation methods, mass spectrometry, protein-protein interactions and post translational modifications. We further discuss the strengths and weaknesses of proteomic technologies and the limitations of current techniques in the perspective of plant biology. We conclude that advances in protein interactions and bioinformatics will have an increasing impact on better understanding the various functional aspects in plants, such as PTM, subcellular localization and protein interactions.

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