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ISSN: 2329-6488

Journal of Alcoholism & Drug Dependence
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Review Article

Alcohol, It’s Effect on Dental Structures and the Role of a Dentist

Rachappa Mallikarjuna1* and Triveni Nalawade2

1Department of Paedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, K M Shah Dental College & Hospital, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Piparia, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

2Department of Paedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, 3 Gokulesh apartments, Nizampura, Vadodara, Gujarat, India

*Corresponding Author:
Rachappa Mallikarjuna
Reader, Department of Paedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
K M Shah Dental College & Hospital, Sumandeep Vidyapeeth
Piparia, Vadodara, Gujarat, India
Tel: 026-68-245-264
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: May 20, 2014; Accepted date: July 23, 2014; Published date: July 28, 2014

Citation: Mallikarjuna R, Nalawade T (2014) Alcohol, It’s Effect on Dental Structures and the Role of a Dentist. J Alcohol Drug Depend 2:166. doi:10.4172/2329-6488.1000166

Copyright: © 2014 Mallikarjuna R et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

 

Abstract

The first recognized and the most devastating effect of alcohol was the consequence of maternal ingestion of alcohol during pregnancy. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is a distinct condition associated with maternal alcoholism which causes serious birth defects in children due to disruption of normal embryonic development. Other problems that can occur are weak muscles around the mouth that make it difficult to consume food; unusual taste preferences for salty or spicy food at an inappropriate age; gross caries at a young age; prolonged and excessive drooling; weak buccinators muscles that prevent the proper placement of food for chewing. These are a few amongst the many problems which children diagnosed with FAS have to face thus increasing their predilection for caries and require special oral health care. Also, there are other direct and indirect effects of alcohol consumption on dental structures of which a few to be mentioned are dental erosion, attrition sometimes along with behavioral problems.

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