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ISSN:2157-7463

Journal of Petroleum & Environmental Biotechnology
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Review Article

Algae Biofuels Production Processes, Carbon Dioxide Fixation and Biorefinery Concept

Roberto Parra-Saldivar1*, Sara P Cuellar-Bermudez1, Miguel Angel Romero-Ogawa1 and Bruce E Rittmann2
1Chair of Environmental Bioprocesses, Water Center for Latin America and the Caribbean, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
2Swette Center for Environmental Biotechnology at Arizona State University, P.O. Box 875701,Tempe, AZ 85287-570, USA
Corresponding Author : Roberto Parra-Saldivar
Chair of Environmental Bioprocesses
Water Center for Latin America and the Caribbean
Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico
Tel: +52 (81) 8358 5561
E-mail: [email protected]
Received July 08, 2014; Accepted August 18, 2014; Published August 25, 2014
Citation: Saldivar RP, Bermudez SPC, Ogawa MAR, Rittmann BE (2014) Algae Biofuels Production Processes, Carbon Dioxide Fixation and Biorefinery Concept. J Pet Environ Biotechnol 5:185. doi:10.4172/2157-7463.1000185
Copyright: © 2014 Saldivar RP, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Microalgae are photosynthetic microorganisms capable to produce lipids, carbohydrates, and proteins as major biomass fractions. Each of these has been studied to produce biofuels. As example biodiesel, bio ethanol, biogas, biooil and bio hydrogen by different processes and conditions. In addition, microalgae are considered an alternative for CO2 emissions fixation since this gas is used by their metabolism. Based on this sustainable alternative, microalgae are considered feedstock to integrate a Bio-refinery, in which different products can be obtained from biofuels to food. In this article, in addition to the literature revision for biofuels production from microalgae, drawbacks and bottlenecks from microalgae technologies are discussed.

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