alexa Amniotic Derived Stem Cells: Role and Function in Regen
ISSN: 2157-7013

Journal of Cell Science & Therapy
Open Access

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Research Article

Amniotic Derived Stem Cells: Role and Function in Regenerative Medicine

Andrew Larson and Vincent S Gallicchio*

Department of Biological Sciences, College of Science, Clemson University, Clemson, USA

*Corresponding Author:
Vincent S Gallicchio
Department of Biological Sciences
College of Science, Clemson University
Clemson, USA
Tel: +1 8646563311
E-mail: [email protected]

Received Date: April 11, 2017 Accepted Date: May 02, 2017 Published Date: May 04, 2017

Citation: Larson A, Gallicchio VS (2017) Amniotic Derived Stem Cells: Role and Function in Regenerative Medicine. J Cell Sci Ther 8: 269. doi: 10.4172/2157-7013. 1000269

Copyright: © 2017 Larson A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

 

Abstract

Stem cells are undifferentiated biological cells that have the ability to differentiate into any specialized cells capable of cell division through mitosis. Amniotic stem cells (ASCs) are collectively a mixture of stem cells that can be obtained from amniotic fluid and tissue. Amniotic fluid is commonly called a pregnant woman’s water. It is the protective liquid contained within the amniotic sac that lubricates the embryo or fetus that is generated by the maternal blood plasma, which is the liquid component that contains all of the blood derived cells in suspension. The amniotic fluid is absorbed through the fetal tissue and skin until the 20-25th week of pregnancy when the fetal skin begins to keratinize. This coincides with the fetal gut and its capacity to perform amniotic absorption.

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