An Analysis of Cancer Incidence in Tianjin from 2002 to 2011
|Xin Guo1, Zhen-Ying Xu2, Ze-Jun Ma2, Ying Wang2, Ju-Hong Yang2, Miao-Yan Zheng1, Chun-Yan Shan1, Bao-Cheng Chang1 and Li-Ming Chen1*|
|1The Key Laboratory of Hormones and Development (Ministry of Health), Metabolic Diseases Hospital, Tianjin, China|
|2Tianjin Institute of Endocrinology, Tianjin Medical University, 300070 Tianjin, China|
|*Corresponding Author :||Li-Ming Chen
The Key Laboratory of Hormones and Development (Ministry of Health)
Metabolic Diseases Hospital, Tianjin, China
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received March 28, 2014; Accepted May 19, 2014; Published May 27, 2014|
|Citation: Guo X, Xu ZY, Ma ZJ, Wang Y, Yang JH, et al. (2014) An Analysis of Cancer Incidence in Tianjin from 2002 to 2011. Intern Med 4:158. doi:10.4172/2165-8048.1000158|
|Copyright: © 2014 Guo X et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
Objective: To investigate the characteristics and trends of cancer incidence from 2002 to 2011 in the Tianjin area of China.
Methods: Based on the Tianjin Public Health Bureau statistics data from 2002 to 2011, the incidences of cancer were analyzed according to sex, age group, cancer site, and geographic region (Tianjin area versus overall China from 2003 to 2007).
Results: The crude incidence of cancer in Tianjin was 162.33 per 100,000 (men: 163.22 per 100,000; women: 161.43 per 100,000). Age-standardized incidences according to the Chinese standard population (Age-standardized rate (ASR) China) and the world standard population were 84.05 and 107.67 per 100,000, respectively. From 2002 to 2011, the incidence of cancer increased from year to year. Age-specific incidence reached a peak at 703.60 per 100,000 in the age group of 75–79 years old. Among group between 25 and 54 years old, the cancer incidence rate of the male group was significantly lower than that of the female group ( P<0.05) ; Among people aged over 60, the cancer incidence rate of the male group was significantly higher than that of the female group ( P<0.05) . The most common cancer in Tianjin residents was lung cancer, followed by breast cancer, colorectal cancer, stomach cancer, and liver cancer. The five most common sites for cancer in men were lung, liver, stomach, colorectal, and bladder, while in women were breast, lung, colorectal, stomach, and cervix.
Conclusions: From 2002 to 2011, the incidence of cancer has been increasing. In view of the high incidence of lung and breast cancers in Tianjin, early screening focused on high-risk groups should be implemented to improve early diagnosis and treatment for these cancers.