An Application Of Fisheries Co-Management Approach Of Ikan Larangan In West Sumatra, Indonesia: The Features And Attributes
“Ikan larangan” is a kind of fisheries management system that applied closing seasons of
fishing in a portion of river or canal for certain period. There are three types of ikan larangan’s
management: (1) traditional; (2) semi-traditional; and (3) modern. The total sample of 99 household
respondents were withdrawn from the three sites of ikan larangan, i.e.: (1) ikan larangan Lubuk landur
(traditional, n=19); (2) ikan larangan Kayu Tanam (semi-traditional, n=20); (3) ikan larangan Pasir
Lawas (modern, n=60). The study emphasizes more on the modern of ikan larangan system. This is in
attempt to find out the possibility of implementing this system to other places in Indonesia as an
alternative of resource management system and for food security purpose as well as for enhancing the
fisheries sector and the regional developments. Furthermore, the co-management application of ikan
larangan could encourage the implementation of decentralization policy in Indonesia since the system
may able to help in empowering people and the available resources to generate the local income.
Moreover, the salient characteristics of co-management system for ikan larangan could be adopted to
prescribe the acceptable resource management for the similar circumstances of the resource in some
places in Indonesia.