An Educational Intervention in Primary School Students Regarding Sun Protection: A Pilot StudySaridi M1, Toska A1, Rekleiti M1, Sarafis P2, Zoukas L3, Souliotis K4* and Birbas K5
- Corresponding Author:
- Kyriakos Souliotis
Assistant Professor of Health Policy
Faculty of Social Sciences University of Peloponnese, Korinth, Greece
Tel: +30 27410 74991
Fax: +30 27410 74990
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: October 24, 2013; Accepted date: March 10, 2014; Published date: March 18, 2014
Citation: Jung Saridi M, Toska A, Rekleiti M, Sarafis P, Zoukas L, et al. (2014) An Educational Intervention in Primary School Students Regarding Sun Protection: A Pilot Study. Primary Health Care 4:153. doi:10.4172/2167-1079.1000153
Copyright: © 2014 Saridi M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Epidemiological data have established a correlation between prolonged sun exposure during childhood and adolescence and occurrence of malign melanoma later in life. The aim of the present study was to investigate knowledge and attitudes of primary school students regarding sun protection measures and sun-related risks before and after an educational intervention.
Methods: It is a descriptive randomized pilot study of two stages with comparison of the results before and after an educational intervention. Sixty students aged 8-12 years from a coastal area participated in this study. Students first completed an anonymous questionnaire and after that took part in an intervention program. After 15 days the same students completed the questionnaire again. Data analysis was performed using the SPSS 17.0 and statistical significance was set to 0.05.
Results: Students’ awareness and knowledge level about sun-related risks and sun protection measures before the implementation of the intervention was satisfactory. Regarding sun protection factor, students’ knowledge levels also increased and 55% of them answered correctly. The students’ attitudes after the intervention showed some improvement, yet without any significant variation. There were no changes regarding the use of sunglasses and wearing appropriate clothing (hat, long-sleeve shirts, etc.). The proportion of children who used a sunscreen with SPF
30+ was significantly higher in students after the intervention (p<0.001). Sunburn incidence was found to be high. 35% of the students reported having at least one sunburn in the past summer. Children after the intervention had significantly higher knowledge scores compared to those before the program but the score in attitudes was not so high.
Conclusions: This pilot study showed that a similar intervention in a larger sample could increase and expand the students’ knowledge about sun protection.