alexa An Effective Collision Avoidance Protocol for Underwat
ISSN ONLINE(2319-8753)PRINT(2347-6710)

International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and Technology
Open Access

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Special Issue Article

An Effective Collision Avoidance Protocol for Underwater Sensor Networks

 
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Abstract

In traditional terrestrial radio transmissions, the challenges of transmissions in underwater sensor networks (UWSNs) include lower transmission rate, longer delay time, and higher power consumption. In such a circumstance, the negative effects of transmission collisions deteriorate. Most of the existing UWSN medium access control (MAC) protocols handle the collision problem in a single-hop or light-loaded environment. They fail to function effectively in a multihop network consisting of more sensor nodes with heavier traffic loads. Using the concept of cyclic quorum systems, we propose a distributed multiple-rendezvous multichannel MAC protocol, MM-MAC, in this paper to reduce collision probability. The advantages of the proposed protocol are threefold: 1) Only one modem is needed for each node to solve the missing receiver problem which is often encountered in multichannel protocols; 2) multiple sensor node pairs can complete their channel negotiations on different channels simultaneously; and 3) data packets will not be collided by control packets and vice versa.

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