An Epidemiological Study to Assess the Knowledge and Self Care Practices among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients Residing in Rural Areas of Tamil NaduPrateek Saurabh Shrivastava*, Saurabh Ram Bihari Lal Shrivastava and Jegadeesh Ramasamy
Department of Community Medicine, Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute, Kancheepuram, India
- *Corresponding Author:
- Dr. Prateek Saurabh Shrivastava
Department of Community Medicine, 3rd floor
Shri Sathya Sai Medical College and Research Institute
Ammapettai Village, Thiruporur - Guduvancherry Main Road
Sembakkam Post, Kancheepuram - 603108, Tamil Nadu, India
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date April 16, 2015; Accepted Date May 30, 2015; Published Date June 06, 2015
Citation: Shrivastava PS, Shrivastava SR, Ramasamy J (2015) An Epidemiological Study to Assess the Knowledge and Self Care Practices among Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients Residing in Rural Areas of Tamil Nadu. Biol Med S3:002. doi:10.4172/0974-8369.S3-002
Copyright: © 2015 Shrivastava PS, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: Diabetes Mellitus is a major public health problem and is acknowledged as one of the leading cause of death and disability worldwide. So the present study was done with the objective of assessing the knowledge and self-care practices among diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus patients residing in rural areas of Tamil Nadu. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study for a period of 3 months (October 2014 – December 2014) was conducted among diagnosed Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus patients attending outreach camps. The study subjects were selected based on their suitability with the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The total sample size was 143. Statistical analysis was done by using SPSS 19 software. Frequency distribution was calculated for all the socio-demographic variables. Results: Majority of the subjects, 76.2%, 67.1%, 87.4%, had correct knowledge with regards to role of diet, exercise, smoking and alcohol, respectively, in diabetes. 72% subjects had strict drug compliance while only 29.3% subjects followed a favourable physical exercise schedule. Conclusion: In conclusion, even though knowledge with regard to risk factors of type-2 diabetes mellitus was observed to be better among the patients, they were significantly lagging in terms of self-care practices in the same domains. Thus, there is a great need to provide periodic health education to the diagnosed patients so that this knowledge-application gap is narrowed down.