An Experimental Group Session for Cross-Cultural Social Skills Learning for International Students in Japan
Tomoko Tanaka* and Minako Nakashima
Department of Humanities, Okayama University, Japan
- *Corresponding Author:
- Tomoko Tanaka
Department of Humanities, Okayama University
Okayama-Shi, Okayama-Ken, Japan
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: June 09, 2016; Accepted date: July 12, 2016; Published date: July 14, 2016
Citation: Tanaka T, Nakashima M (2016) An Experimental Group Session for Cross-Cultural Social Skills Learning for International Students in Japan. J Gerontol Geriatr Res 5:323. doi:10.4172/2167-7182.1000323
Copyright: © 2016 Tanaka T, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
As the acquisition of social skills for new environments is critical for cross-cultural adaptation, we conducted a small, experimental group session to develop a cross-cultural social skills learning program for international students in Japan, based on cognitive and behavioral learning techniques. A total of nine international students, four males and five females, enrolled in a Japanese university participated in the session. They learned cognitive and behavioral social skills, which focused on culture-specific behaviors through self-assessments, lectures, role-plays, feedback, and discussions. There was an increase in self-evaluation scores of behaviors and cultural understanding and positive attitudes were demonstrated. A total of 77 Japanese host students later watched video recordings of the role-plays and evaluated the performances using micro and macro-evaluation items. The performances of the international students and their impressions of these performances improved throughout the session. Extended effects related to their cross-cultural adaptation were investigated by a follow-up survey 1 year later. This method could be integrated into the health education curriculum for international students.