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Short Communication

An Experimental System to Assess Potential Biological Impact of Operational Response During an Oil Spill

Matthieu Dussauze1,2,* Thomas Milinkovitch1, Hélène Thomas-Guyon3, Morgane Danion4, Philippe Lemaire5, Karine Pichavant-Rafin1, Michael Theron1 and Stéphane Le Floch2

1Laboratoire ORPHY EA4324, Université de Bretagne Occidentale, 6 Avenue le Gorgeu, CS 93837, 29238 Brest Cedex 3, France

2Centre de Documentation de Recherche et d’Expérimentations sur les Pollutions Accidentelles des Eaux (Cedre), 715 rue Alain Colas, CS41836-F- 29218 Brest Cedex 2, France

3Littoral Environnement et Sociétés (LIENSs), UMR 6250, CNRS-Université de La Rochelle, 2 rue Olympe de Gouges - F-17042 La Rochelle Cedex 01, France

4ANSES, Ploufragan-Plouzané Laboratory, Unit of Viral Pathology in Fish, Technopôle Brest-Iroise, 29280 Plouzané, France

5Total Fluides S.A, 92907 Paris la Défense, France

Corresponding Author:
Dussauze M
Laboratoire ORPHY EA4324
Université de Bretagne Occidentale
6 Avenue le Gorgeu, CS 93837
29238 Brest Cedex 3, France
Fax: +33-298-016-311
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: April 29, 2016; Accepted date: June 08, 2016; Published date: June 15, 2016

Citation: Dussauze M, Pichavant-Rafini K, Theron M, Floch SL, Milinkovitch T, et al. (2016) An Experimental System to Assess Potential Biological Impact of Operational Response During an Oil Spill. J Pet Environ Biotechnol 7: 282. doi:10.4172/2157-7463.1000282

Copyright: © 2016 Dussauze M, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.


In order to evaluate the potential toxicity of dispersant application in an oil slick in near-shore areas, this study presents an experimental system designed to perform toxicity tests on fish. Three possible oil spill scenario issues during an oil spill were tested on juvenile sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax); the Water Soluble Fraction of oil; the Mechanical Dispersion of oil; the Chemical Dispersion of oil. Preliminary toxicity assays suggest that the experimental system is appropriate to assess the three experimental conditions during a period of 24 hours. This experimental system allowed obtaining “quick” and relevant results of acute toxicity in an emergency context such an oil spill.


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