alexa An Overview of Chinas Agricultural Non-point Source Issues and the Development of Related Research
ISSN: 2157-7587

Hydrology: Current Research
Open Access

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Research Article

An Overview of Chinas Agricultural Non-point Source Issues and the Development of Related Research

Shen Z*, Baia J, Liaoa Q and Chena L
State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, PR China
Corresponding Author : Shen Z
State Key Laboratory of Water Environment Simulation
School of Environment, Beijing Normal University
Beijing 100875, PR China
Tel: +86 10 58800398
E-mail: [email protected]
Received July 08, 2014; Accepted August 06, 2014; Published August 16, 2014
Citation: Shen Z, Baia J, Liaoa Q, Chena L (2014) An Overview of China’s Agricultural Non-point Source Issues and the Development of Related Research. Hydrol Current Res 5:178 doi: 10.4172/2157-7587.1000178
Copyright: © 2014 Shen Z, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Non-point Source (NPS) pollution has become an important concern in the protection of the aquatic environment and has received increased attention in recent years. In China, NPS pollution control is one of most important issues that need to be addressed to protect the aquatic environment in the next few decades. This paper reviewed and summarized three aspects of current agricultural NPS pollution studies in China: mechanisms, simulation models, and control technologies. This review outlines some shortcomings of previous research and the opportunities for future research. The results of this study indicated that the present research on NPS pollution mechanisms is not adequate. The lack of a database system, the uncertainty of models, and other issues have an effect on model applications. Control technology is still the only technique used for minimizing NPS pollution. For future studies, understanding and absorbing foreign NPS models, modifying related processes, and using related key parameters that are modified using Chinese characteristics are necessary for NPS pollution modeling in China. Furthermore, research on NPS mechanisms and system control technologies at a watershed scale will also be a key issue.

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