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ISSN: 2376-0427

Dermatology and Dermatologic Diseases
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Previously: Journal of Pigmentary Disorders

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Research Article

An Overview of Quality of Life in Vitiligo Patients – At Glance

Ayesha Mateen1, Rabbani Syed1,2*, Khalid Khalaf Alharbi2 and Imran Ali Khan2
1Department of Biotechnology, Central Research Institute of Unani Medicine, Hyderabad, India
2Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Corresponding Author : Rabbani Syed
Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences
College of Applied Medical Sciences
King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received April 20, 2015; Accepted June 16, 2015; Published June 28, 2015
Citation: Mateen A, Syed R, Alharbi KK, Khan IA (2015) An Overview of Quality of Life in Vitiligo Patients – At Glance. Pigmentary Disorders S3:003. doi:10.4172/2376-0427.S3-003
Copyright: © 2015 Mateen A, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

Vitiligo is an acquired depigmentary skin disorder characterized by white maculae on the skin associated with social stigma. Vitiligo has major impact on the quality of life due its high cosmetic value, chronic nature of disease and long term ineffective treatments. Vitiligo patients suffer from low self-esteem and poor body image that affects their emotional and psychological well-being. To investigate quality of life of Vitiligo patients, psychological impact of unpredictable course of disease and long term treatment among South Indian population. A total of 155 Vitiligo patients, undertaking treatment in dermatology clinic at the Central Research Institute of Unani Medicine (CRIUM), who completed the Dermatology Quality of Life Index (DLQI) questionnaire, participated in this study. Patients with Vitiligo averaged at about 27.4% of maximum psychological impairment as measured by the DLQI summary score. Disability in patients was highest in treatment category with 54.6% of impairment followed by symptoms and feelings (41.83%). Dark skin, unmarried, slow responders to the treatment and those having chronicity more than 5 years showed worse quality of life and had 70%, 61%, 62%and 76.5% of impairment in the treatment front of DLQI respectively when compared to light skin (50%), married (52.5%), rapid responders (26%) and chronicity less than 5 years (52%). There was no significant difference in the quality of life between male and female Vitiligo patients (p=0.88). Our results show that Vitiligo patients suffer in all aspects of life especially in treatment aspect of DLQI. Psychological impairment strongly affects the social well-being of Vitiligo patients.

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