An Update on Promising Diagnostic and Therapeutic Interventions in EpilepsyLeonard LL Yeo*, Jonathan YY Ong, Benjamin R Wakerley, Rahul Rathakrishnan
Division of Neurology, Department of Medicine, National University Hospital, Singapore
- Corresponding Author:
- Leonard Yeo
Division of Neurology, National University Hospital
5 Lower Kent Ridge Road 119074, Singapore
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: March 29, 2013; Accepted date: April 20, 2013; Published date: April 25, 2013
Citation: Yeo LLL, Ong JYY, Wakerley BR, Rathakrishnan R (2013) An Update on Promising Diagnostic and Therapeutic Interventions in Epilepsy. J Neurol Neurophysiol S2:005. doi:10.4172/2155-9562.S2-005
Copyright: © 2013 Yeo LLL, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
There have been many developments in the management of patients with epilepsy ranging from diagnostic modalities to pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions. This review discusses several advances which the authors believe will have a significant impact on how such patients will be managed in the coming years. Electroencephalography [EEG] remains the main diagnostic tool in the evaluation of patients with seizure disorders. The novel discovery of high frequency EEG oscillations introduces new concepts of epileptogenicity. Also, techniques that couple EEG with imaging data will be discussed. The early intervention to abort seizures using a method that is easily administered by paramedic staff in the field has been shown to result in more rapid seizure cessation we elaborate on the pre-hospital management. Epilepsy surgery which has revolutionized the treatment of medically refractory patients is invasive and often resective in nature. We discuss the emerging science of neurostimulation as an alternative and potentially similarly efficacious technique.