alexa Analysis of Climate Change Impacts and their Mitigation Strategies on Vegetable Sector in Tropical Islands of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India
ISSN: 2376-0354

Journal of Horticulture
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Research Article

Analysis of Climate Change Impacts and their Mitigation Strategies on Vegetable Sector in Tropical Islands of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India

Shrawan Singh1* and Naresh Kumar Bainsla2
1Vegetable Science, Division of Horticulture and Forestry, Central Agricultural Research Institute (CARI), Port Blair- 744101, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India
2Plant Breeding, Division of Field Crops, Central Agricultural Research Institute (CARI), Port Blair- 744101, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India
Corresponding Author : Shrawan Singh
Scientist, Vegetable Science
Division of Horticulture and Forestry
Central Agricultural Research Institute (CARI)
Port Blair-744101, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India
Tel: +09474286498
E-mail: [email protected]
Received September 17, 2014; Accepted January 30, 2015; Published February 03, 2015
Citation: Singh S, Bainsla NK (2015) Analysis of Climate Change Impacts and their Mitigation Strategies on Vegetable Sector in Tropical Islands of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India . J Horticulture 2:126. doi:10.4172/2376-0354.1000126
Copyright: ©2014 Singh S et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Abstract

The climate change is real phenomena and it will have impact on productivity and livelihood of primary farming options. Tropical Island regions are among the most vulnerable to this climatic catastrophe which affect local production of foods particularly perishable like vegetables. The phenomena will lead to a situation of high temperature-high humidity-low light with excess or deficit moisture. This change will help pest dynamic and buildup of their population but negatively affect the crop plants. Slight changes in crop factors have large impact on crop physiology and reproductive biology, resultantly larger change in their productivity and profitability. The change in climatic factors modifies genotype × environment interaction for physiological and economic traits by plants. Vegetables are succulent herbs which are more prone to both biotic and abiotic stresses. However, large germplasm and wide range of species and genetic diversity in tropical climate provide an opportunity to develop climate resilient genotypes to minimize the impact and assure economic returns to the farmers. The paper proposes breeding strategies for vegetable crops which could help in climate resilient breeding programme.

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