Analysis of Postural Changes in 2nd Cycle Students of Elementary SchoolGustavo Desouzart1,2* and Sandra Gagulic1,2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Gustavo Desouzart
Assistant Professor, PhD in Human Kinetics
Traditional Chinese Doctor, Physioterapist
CIS-IPiaget, RECI â Piaget Institute, Portugal
Tel: +351 21 831 6500
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: February 10, 2016; Accepted date: February 21, 2017; Published date: February 23, 2017
Citation: Desouzart G, Gagulic S (2017) Analysis of Postural Changes in 2nd Cycle Students of Elementary School. J Spine 6:357. doi:10.4172/2165-7939.1000357
Copyright: © 2017 Desouzart G, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Background: The prevalence of postural changes is increasingly evident in our society, early detection plays an extremely important role in preventing complications in adult life. Thus, the objective of this study was to analyse the prevalence of postural deviation and risk factors in 2nd cycle students. Sample of 19 students aged between 10 and 11 years old.
Methodology: The collection methods used were postural evaluation through SAPO software, analysis of plantar pressure by Podoprint software and behavioural risk factors through the Back PEI questionnaire.
Results: The prevalence of postural deviations found in all body segments (pelvis, neck, shoulders, trunk, feet, and center of gravity) occurred in more than 70% of participants. Regarding the distribution of the plantar pressures and the maximum pressure point, the majority of individuals had the highest-pressure area in both heels and a high prevalence of foot cavus. 84.2% had a BMI below normal, and 57.9% had severe thinness. Most students take an improper posture when sitting at the table and lifting objects off the floor.
Conclusion: Several aspects related to the postural postures and habits of the children are determinant for the musculoskeletal development, especially in the period of osteoarticular growth, when the equilibrium search for the new proportions of the body occurs. This high prevalence of postural deviations, both lateral and anteroposterior, in the present study, the results obtained by other authors report a prevalence of around 70% for postural changes in children and adolescents.