Analysis of the Influence of Endograft Geometry on Blood Hemodynamics in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm by Computational Fluid Dynamics
|Chang-Hsiang Huang1, Yio-Wha Shau1 and I-Hui Wu2*|
|1Institute of Applied Mechanics, National Taiwan University, Taiwan|
|2Cardiovascular Surgical Division, Department of Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan|
|Corresponding Author :||I-Hui Wu
Department of Surgery
National Taiwan University Hospital
No 7, Chung-Shan S. Road,Taipei, Taiwan
Tel: 886-2-23123456, ext 65735
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received July 07, 2014; Accepted October 06, 2014; Published October 16, 2014|
|Citation: Huang CH, Shau YW, Wu IH (2014) Analysis of the Influence of Endograft Geometry on Blood Hemodynamics in Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm by Computational Fluid Dynamics. J Clin Exp Cardiolog 5:340. doi:10.4172/2155-9880.1000340|
|Copyright: © 2014 Huang CH, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
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Objectives: Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR) is considered the treatment of choice for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA). However, thrombotic deposits found incidentally in abdominal aortic endografts are common and the deposition of thrombus is reported to be influenced by the geometry of the aortic stent graft. We used computational fluid dynamic techniques to analyze the biomechanical factors associated with different stent graft morphologies
Methods and models: Computational fluid dynamic models were constructed to investigate the biomechanical factors affecting both tuburlent flow and the drag force in modular AAA stent grafts. The resultant flow separation and drag force as a net change of fluid momentum were calculated on the basis of varying three-dimensional geometry. Modular AAA stent grafts with four different lengths of graft mani body were compared. Computational fluid dynamic simulations were then performed on each stent graft model according to its geometric parameters to determine the flow separation and the actual change in drag force experienced by the stent graft.
Results: In all these simulations, the blood flow created as adverse pressure gradient when blood flow decelerated. Flow separation occurred when the boundary layer velocity gradient dropped almost to zero causing recirculation and vortices to be formed downstream of the main graft body and leading to intraprosthetic thrombosis and endograft limb obstruction. With a shorter length graft main body, it was possible to avoid flow separation, reducing the probability of occurrences of the flow recirculation and vortices. The drag force causing device migration was higher with elevated blood pressure and unchanged with the main body length.
Conclusion: Flow separation in modular AAA stent grafts is common and occurs more often in endografts with a longer main body. The shorter main body design of the endograft can be applied without the expense of increasing drag force.