alexa Analysis of Utterances by Older Persons in 'Life-Worldly' Communication with Caregivers in Japan
ISSN: 2167-1168

Journal of Nursing & Care
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Research Article

Analysis of Utterances by Older Persons in 'Life-Worldly' Communication with Caregivers in Japan

Yasuko Fukaya1*, Takanori Kitamura2, Sachiyo Koyama3, Kanako Yamakuma1 and Shinobu Sato4

1Kanto Gakuin University, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan

2School of Law, Tokai University, Japan

3Kitasato University, Japan

4Dokkyo Medical University, Japan

Corresponding Author:
Fukaya Y, Professor
Kanto Gakuin University
Nursing, 1-50-1 MutsuUra-Higashi Kanazawa-ku
Yokohama, Kanagawa 236-8503, Japan
Tel: 819088556969
E-mail: [email protected]

Received date: July 24, 2016; Accepted date: October 17, 2016; Published date: October 25, 2016

Citation: Fukaya Y, Kitamura T, Koyama S, Yamakuma K, Sato S (2016) Analysis of Utterances by Older Persons in ‘Life-Worldly’ Communication with Caregivers in Japan. J Nurs Care 5:367. doi:10.4172/2167-1168.1000367

Copyright: © 2016 Fukaya Y, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study is to grasp the actual conditions of utterances by elderly persons in geriatric care facilities in Japan. Specifically, the study considers utterance frequency, duration, and structure according to the two types of communication: Type I (Task-oriented) and Type II (Life-worldly). Method: Study subjects were comprised of 37 residents in three long-term care facilities in Japan. The study surveyed the personal attributes of each elderly person, and the type and duration of utterances they made within 1 day. Type I and II communication characteristics were both quantitatively and qualitatively investigated. Results: The duration of utterances from older residents was very short, at about 4 min. The average duration of utterances by elderly persons who are bedridden was 115.54 s (SD=131.55), which was significantly lower (p<0.05) in comparison to the average duration of utterances by elderly persons who are able to walk or move using a wheelchair, which was 331.1 s (SD=234.97). In type II communication, the utterances by the older resident were not limited to short replies to caregiver speech, but were relatively longer and self-initiated utterances were also produced.

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