alexa Anterior Screw Fixation for Odontoid Fracture Using the
ISSN: 2165-7939

Journal of Spine
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Case Report

Anterior Screw Fixation for Odontoid Fracture Using the Direct Approach at the C2-C3 Level: Case Report and Literature Review

Wuilker Knoner Campos* and Daniel dos Santos Sousa
Neuron – Institute of Neurosurgery, Baia Sul Medical Center, Florianopolis, Brazil
Corresponding Author : Wuilker Knoner Campos
Neuron - Institute of Neurosurgery
Baia Sul Medical Center
office 419 – 4st Floor. 63 Menino Deus Street
88020-210, Florianopolis-SC, Brazil
Tel/Fax: +55 4832240843
E-mail: [email protected]
Received January 26, 2014; Accepted March 13, 2014; Published March 16, 2014
Citation: Campos WK, dos Santos Sousa D (2014) Anterior Screw Fixation for Odontoid Fracture Using the Direct Approach at the C2-C3 Level: Case Report and Literature Review. J Spine 3:162. doi:10.4172/2165-7939.1000162
Copyright: © 2014 Campos WK, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 

Abstract

Fractures of the odontoid process comprise 10–15% of all cervical fractures. Almost two thirds of all dens fractures are classified as type II according to Anderson and D’Alonso classification system. Currently, the direct anterior odontoid screw fixation provides the best anatomical and functional results for this type of fracture and it is considered as the treatment of choice. Regarding the approach to the C2 vertebra, about 80% of authors usually make a skin incision at the lower cervical level (C4-C5 or C5-C6) for creating a working corridor. However, the required exposure and the relatively blind passage of the screw can damage the surrounding soft tissue. The direct approach at the C2- C3 level could be a shorter and safer working corridor to the odontoid screw fixation with less soft tissue retraction. Here we present a case report of a 62-year-old man who presented with Type II odontoid fracture and subsequently underwent a direct anterior odontoid screw fixation through a mini-open approach at the C2-C3 level. The literature available in the English language on related-approach complications of anterior odontoid screw fixation is reviewed.

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