alexa Anthropometric Measures and Insulin Resistance in Rural Indian Adolescents
ISSN: 2380-5439

Journal of Health Education Research & Development
Open Access

OMICS International organises 3000+ Global Conferenceseries Events every year across USA, Europe & Asia with support from 1000 more scientific Societies and Publishes 700+ Open Access Journals which contains over 50000 eminent personalities, reputed scientists as editorial board members.

Open Access Journals gaining more Readers and Citations

700 Journals and 15,000,000 Readers Each Journal is getting 25,000+ Readers

This Readership is 10 times more when compared to other Subscription Journals (Source: Google Analytics)

Research Article

Anthropometric Measures and Insulin Resistance in Rural Indian Adolescents

Bhattacharya S1,2*, Smith GD3, Shah SH1,4, Ben-Shlomo Y5 and Kinra S6
1Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
2Duke Translational Research Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA
3MRC, Translational Centre, Bristol, UK
4Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
5School of Social and Community Medicine, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
6Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, UK
Corresponding Author : Sayanti Bhattacharya
Duke Global Health Institute
Duke Translational Medicine Institute
MURDOCK Study 310 Trent Drive
Room #330 Durham,NC 27707,USA
Tel: 919-613-4405
E-mail: [email protected]
Received February 22, 2014; Accepted July 21, 2014; Published July 23, 2014
Citation: Bhattacharya S, Smith GD, Shah SH, Ben-Shlomo Y, Kinra S (2014) Anthropometric Measures and Insulin Resistance in Rural Indian Adolescents. J Biosafety Health Educ 2:118. doi:10.4172/2332-0893.1000116
Copyright: © 2014 Bhattacharya S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Related article at
DownloadPubmed DownloadScholar Google
 

Abstract

Aims: To evaluate the relationship of anthropometric measures with insulin resistance (IR) in 1162 Indian adolescents from the follow-up survey of the Hyderabad Nutrition trial.
Methods: Analysis was done on data collected from 1162 adolescent participants of the Hyderabad Nutrition trial follow up survey. Participation included an interview, physical examinations and blood draws. Associations of body mass index (BMI), fat mass index (FMI), fat free mass index (FFMI), central to peripheral skinfold ratio (CPR), percent of body fat, waist circumference (WC) and waist-hip ratio (WHR) with IR were studied using linear regression models accounting for village clustering and adjusting for age and pubertal stage. Anthropometric indices were calculated from height, weight, skinfold thickness, waist and hip circumferences and IR was calculated by the homoeostasis model assessment (HOMA).
Results: We observed strong associations of BMI, FMI and FFMI with HOMA. Interestingly, FFMI (β (95% confidence interval) -0.03 (0.01, 0.06); P=0.007 (girls) and 0.06 (0.03, 0.09); P<0.0001 (boys)) was as strongly associated with IR as BMI (0.03 (0.01, 0.06); P=0.006 (girls) and 0.06 (0.03, 0.09); P<0.0001(boys)) and FMI (0.03 (0.01, 0.05); P=0.02 (girls) and 0.05 (0.02, 0.07); P=0.001 (boys)) We explored the relationship of lean mass with IR relative to fat mass and the associations remained strong.
Conclusions: We conclude that lean mass is as strongly associated with IR as fat mass in rural Indian adolescents. These findings appear contrary to the belief that higher rates of IR in South Asians reflect greater central adiposity. Future research needs to increase our understanding of the underlying mechanisms that lead to these associations in both obese and lean populations.

Keywords

Share This Page

Additional Info

Loading
Loading Please wait..
 
Peer Reviewed Journals
 
Make the best use of Scientific Research and information from our 700 + peer reviewed, Open Access Journals
International Conferences 2017-18
 
Meet Inspiring Speakers and Experts at our 3000+ Global Annual Meetings

Contact Us

Agri, Food, Aqua and Veterinary Science Journals

Dr. Krish

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Clinical and Biochemistry Journals

Datta A

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9037

Business & Management Journals

Ronald

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Journals

Gabriel Shaw

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9040

Earth & Environmental Sciences

Katie Wilson

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

Engineering Journals

James Franklin

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9042

General Science and Health care Journals

Andrea Jason

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9043

Genetics and Molecular Biology Journals

Anna Melissa

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9006

Immunology & Microbiology Journals

David Gorantl

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9014

Informatics Journals

Stephanie Skinner

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Material Sciences Journals

Rachle Green

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9039

Mathematics and Physics Journals

Jim Willison

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

Medical Journals

Nimmi Anna

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9038

Neuroscience & Psychology Journals

Nathan T

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9041

Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals

John Behannon

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001Extn: 9007

Social & Political Science Journals

Steve Harry

[email protected]

1-702-714-7001 Extn: 9042

 
© 2008-2017 OMICS International - Open Access Publisher. Best viewed in Mozilla Firefox | Google Chrome | Above IE 7.0 version
adwords