Antibiotic Resistance in the Indigenous Australian Population: Combating the Problem through Trans-disciplinary ResearchPolyak SW*
Department of Biochemistry, School of Molecular and Biomedical Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
- *Corresponding Author:
- Steven W. Polyak
Department of Biochemistry
School of Molecular and Biomedical Sciences
University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
E-mail: [email protected]
Received date: August 4, 2014; Accepted date: September 26, 2014; Published date: September 28, 2014
Citation: Polyak SW (2014) Antibiotic Resistance in the Indigenous Australian Population: Combating the Problem through Trans-disciplinary Research. J Med Microb Diagn 3:162. doi:10.4172/2161-0703.1000162
Copyright: © 2014 Polyak SW. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use,distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
There are well-documented health inequalities between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians, with the aboriginal population suffering significantly higher incidence of disease and morbidity, as well as lower life expectancy. Similar issues challenge Indigenous communities in other parts of the world. Unsurprisingly, the Indigenous population also experiences higher rates of bacterial infections than the wider community. The world’s highest recorded rates of chronic suppuratives lung disease including bronchiectasis unrelated to cystic fibrosis have been reported in Indigenous Australian children, and the first reports of community-associated methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus were observed in Aboriginal communities in remote Western Australia in the early 1990s. Factors within the Indigenous population that contribute to these alarming statistics include domestic crowding, poor hygiene, poor diet and inappropriate antibiotic use. Strong political leadership is required to address this unacceptable situation. Here medical research can play a key role in formulating evidence driven policy.