Anti-Cancer Strategies of Methylglyoxal A Review
Methylglyoxal a simple carbonyl compound containing a reactive aldehyde and a ketonic group which stops the growth of cancer cells without poisoning normal cells. It is also called as Retine. These are very small molecules that are highly potent in controlling cell division. This compound inhibits the enzymes required for cancer cell and infected cell to grow by respiration and does not harm normal cells. As cancer cells require large amount of energy to multiply which was provided by ATP. Methylglyoxal inactivates the enzyme Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate Dehydrogenase (GA3PD) needed for the ATP production in cancer cells and there by starves the cell to death and normal cells remain unaffected. As it is a carbonyl group, it inhibits the mitochondrial respiration followed by Glycolysis and Kreb’s cycle which play a major role in the production of ATP and supplies the energy to infected cell up to demand. It also play a role in binding of oxygen at cellular level and preventing the proteins to desaturate and inhibits the production of free radicals. Hence suitable energy and oxygen are unavailable to cancerous cell to grow, leading to death of the cell. It was believed that “If cancer cell cannot grow, it dies by itself”. It desaturate the proteins of malignant cell at cellular level by means of its ketoaldehyde group with an aminoacid of a protein causing the death of cell.