alexa Antimicrobial Potential of Ten Common Medicinal Plants used by the Bokis, Cross River State, Nigeria
ISSN: 2167-0412

Medicinal & Aromatic Plants
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Research Article

Antimicrobial Potential of Ten Common Medicinal Plants used by the Bokis, Cross River State, Nigeria

Anwana ED1*, Umana EJ2 and Lennox JA3
1Department of Biological Sciences, Akwa Ibom State university, Ikot Akpaden, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.
2Department of Botany, University of Calabar, P. M. B. 1115, Calabar, Cross River State, Calabar, Nigeria.
3Department of Microbiology, University of Calabar, P. M. B. 1115, Calabar, Cross River State, Calabar, Nigeria
Corresponding Author : Anwana ED
Regional Institute for Population Studies
University of Ghana
p. o. box lg 96, Legon
Ghana. Secondary address: Department of Biological Sciences
Akwa Ibom State University
Ikot Akpaden Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
E-mail: [email protected]
Received March 17, 2012; Accepted June 27, 2012; Published July 03, 2012
Citation: Anwana ED, Umana EJ, Lennox JA (2012) Antimicrobial Potential of Ten Common Medicinal Plants used by the Bokis, Cross River State, Nigeria. Med Aromat Plants 1:106. doi: 10.4172/2167-0412.1000106
Copyright: © 2012 Anwana ED, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Abstract

Evidence of the continuous use of medicinal plants for primary health care is noted amongst the Bokis living within and on the fringes of the Cross River National Park (Okwangwo division). In consonance with their traditional usage the methano-aqueous extracts of ten common medicinal plants used by traditional medicine men in nine communities of the area were assayed for antimicrobial activity. Four bacteria species and one fungus were used as in-vitro test organisms. Gentamicin was used as standard antimicrobial agent for comparative efficacy. Results of the tests using the diameter of zone of inhibition showed that three i.e. Senna alata and Dillenia indica and Grewia megalocarpa of the total plant assayed at a concentration of 2 mg/ml exhibited some level of activity against Staphylococcus aureus only. The antimicrobial property of these plants is indicative of their usefulness in traditional medicines. Hence, knowledge of medicinal plants practice in this region can be an important source for new drug discoveries. Invariably, such knowledge should act as an important feeder in the development of a robust health care policy and service for the region with recognition and active inputs from traditional medicine practitioners.

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