Antimicrobials Use in Aquaculture and their Public Health ImpactSalah Mesalhy Aly1* and Aqel Albutti2
- *Corresponding Author:
- Salah Mesalhy Aly
Department of Pathology
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Suez Canal University, Egypt
E-mail: [email protected]
Received Date: April 03, 2014; Accepted Date: July 14, 2014; Published Date: July 22, 2014
Citation: Aly SM, Albutti A (2014) Antimicrobials Use in Aquaculture and their Public Health Impact. J Aquac Res Development 5:247. doi:10.4172/2155-9546.1000247
Copyright: © 2014 Aly SM. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use,distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Diseases are one of these primary limiting factors. Bacterial diseases are responsible for heavy mortality in both wild and cultured fish. Antibiotics used to control such infection and misuse as well as other sources of antimicrobials as using chicken manure or adoption of integrating fish system may emerge the development and spread of antimicrobial resistant bacteria and resistance genes and occurrence of antimicrobial residues. All that may induce a negative impact on human, fish and the environment. Aquaculture has become the fastest growing sector of food production in the world. Despite the encouraging trends, several constraints have negative impact on the growth of aquaculture. Therefore, strict measures, legislations and regulations for the use of antimicrobials in aquaculture should be developed and implemented, especially in developing countries, to avoid such negative impacts in human, fish, animals and environment. These consequences, in human, include increased number of infections, increased frequency of treatment failures and increased severity of infection that result a prolonged duration of illness, increased frequency of bloodstream infections, increased hospitalization, and increased mortality.