Apoptotic Cell-induced Tolerogenic Dendritic Cells Facilitate Development of CD4+ and CD8+ Regulatory T cell Subsets
|Fang Zhou1, Guang-Xian Zhang2* and Abdolmohamad Rostami2*|
|1 Arthritis and Clinical Immunology Research Program, Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation (OMRF), 825, NE 13th St., Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, 73104, USA|
|2 Department of Neurology, Thomas Jefferson University, 900 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19107, USA|
|Corresponding Authors :||Abdolmohamad Rostami
Department of Neurology, Thomas Jefferson University
900 Walnut Street, Philadelphia, PA, 19107, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
Department of Neurology
Thomas Jefferson University
900 Walnut Street, Philadelphia
PA, 19107, USA
E-mail: [email protected]
|Received: March 27, 2014; Accepted: June 17, 2014; Published: June 24, 2014|
|Citation: Zhou F, Zhang GX, Rostami A (2014) Apoptotic Cell-induced Tolerogenic Dendritic Cells Facilitate Development of CD4+ and CD8+ Regulatory T cell Subsets. J Clin Cell Immunol 5:229. doi:10.4172/2155-9899.1000229|
|Copyright: © 2014 Zhou F, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.|
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Objective: Dendritic cells (DCs) play an important role in regulating T cell-mediated immune responses; however, the mechanisms of DC-mediated immune responses have not been fully elucidated. Regulatory T cells (Tregs) including CD4+ and CD8+ Tregs play an essential role in induction of immune tolerance in vivo. It is unclear how DCs regulate development of Tregs. Our objective is to observe whether or not apoptotic cell-induced tolerogenic DCs can affect development and differentiation of CD4+ and CD8+ regulatory T cells.
Methods: CD11c+ DCs were sorted and isolated from spleen of C57BL/6J mice. DCs were incubated with apoptotic or fresh T cells for 24 hrs at 37°C. MOG-specific CD4+CD25- T cells were isolated from 2D2 transgenic mice. Apoptotic or fresh T cell-treated DCs were loaded with MOG peptide and co-cultured with MOG-primed CD4+CD25- T cells for 72 hrs at 37°C. Expression of signal molecules and cytokines in DCs and Tregs was detected using flow cytometry.
Results: Apoptotic T cell-treated DCs express CD40, CD80, CD86 and MHC class II at low levels compared with those on DCs co-cultured with fresh T cells. Treatment of DCs with apoptotic T cells inhibits production of inflammatory cytokines such as IL-12 and IL-23, but facilitates production of anti-inflammatory cytokines including IL-10 and TGF-β, indicating a tolerogenic phenotype. In co-culture, apoptotic T cell-induced tolerogenic DCs facilitate development of multiple subsets of CD4+ and CD8+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) such as CD4+CD25+, CD4+CD127+ and CD8+CD122+ regulatory T cells, and modulate expression of multiple signal molecules including GARP, CD152, CD44, CD62L, CCR6 and CCR7 on CD4+ Tregs.
Conclusions: It can be concluded that apoptotic cell-induced tolerogenic DCs exert an immune-regulatory effect by facilitating development of both CD4+ and CD8+ Treg subpopulations. These results may reveal a new cellular mechanism of tolerogenic DCs induced by apoptotic cells to modulate inflammatory responses.