alexa Applicability of Atomic Emission and Atomic Absorption Spectrometry for Variability Assessment of Trace and Macro-Elements Content in Moss Species from Pb-Zn Mine Environment
ISSN: 2329-6798

Modern Chemistry & Applications
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Research Article

Applicability of Atomic Emission and Atomic Absorption Spectrometry for Variability Assessment of Trace and Macro-Elements Content in Moss Species from Pb-Zn Mine Environment

Svetlana Angelovska1, Trajce Stafilov2*, Biljana Balabanova3, Robert Sajn4 and Katerina Baceva2
1RZ Tehnicka Kontrola, Makedonska Brigade 18, 1000 Skopje, Macedonia
2Institute of Chemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, POB 162, 1000 Skopje, Macedonia
3Faculty of Agriculture, Goce Delcev University, POB 201, 2000 Stip, Macedonia
4Geological Survey of Slovenia, Dimiceva ulica 14, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
Corresponding Author : Trajce Stafilov
Institute of Chemistry, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
Ss. Cyril and Methodius University, POB 162, 1000 Skopje, Macedonia
Tel: +3892-324-9906
Fax: +3892-322-6865
E-mail: [email protected]
Received December 26, 2013; Accepted March 11, 2014; Published March 14, 2014
Citation: Angelovska S, Stafilov T, Balabanova B, Sajn R, Baceva K (2014) Applicability of Atomic Emission and Atomic Absorption Spectrometry for Variability Assessment of Trace and Macro-Elements Content in Moss Species from Pb-Zn Mine Environment. Mod Chem appl 2:123. doi: 10.4172/2329-6798.1000123
 
Copyright: © 2014 Angelovska S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
 
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Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the applicability of the Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES) Electro Thermal Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (ETAAS), and Cold Vapour Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (CVAAS) for the analysis of total content for 23 elements. Deposition and distribution of metals in the air was determined by biomonitoring a widely prevalent moss species from a lead and zinc polluted area of the “Toranica” mine, Republic of Macedonia. Moss species Hypnum cupressiforme, Homalothecium lutescens, Campthotecium lutescens and Brachythecium glareosum were used as very specific and suitable sampling biomonitor. Moss samples were digested by the application of a closed wet digestion using a microwave digestion system. The applied instrumental techniques were useful in order to determine a wider range of content for the analyzed elements; macro contents of Ca, Mg, K and P to trace contents of As, Cd, Co, Ga, and Hg. From data processing the values for Pb and Zn were used as anthropogenic markers. Higher contents of As, Cd and Cu in moss samples from this region were also determined, confirming the impact of mining activities on anthropogenic air pollution in this area. Multivariate factoring identifies four chemical associations: F1 (As-Cd-Ca-Cu-Fe-Mn-Pb-Zn), F2 (Co-Cr-Li-V), F3 (Hg-P) and F4 (K).

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